Cultural Information

Abutilon

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Crop Timing:

 

Light Levels: Medium

 

pH Level: 5.8 - 6.2

 

Temperature: 65-72 degrees F

 

Watering: keep pots moist

 

Fertilizer: 250 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: Pinching 1-2 times will create better plant structure

Pests: Standard practices; aphids & whiteflies can be a problem

 

Disease: Standard practices

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Acalypha

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Crop Timing:

4" to 4.5" pot = 6 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 8-9 wks (1 RC)

10-12" basket = 9 -11 wks (4 RC)

 

Light Levels: Medium

 

pH Level: 5.5 - 6.0

 

Temperature: 65-72 degrees F

 

Watering: keep pots moist

 

Fertilizer: 150-200 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: Pinching once is optional

Pests: Standard practices; spider mites & whiteflies can be problems

 

Disease: Standard practices

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Allamanda

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Crop Timing:

4" to 4.5" pot = 7-9 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 10-12 wks (1 RC)

10-12" basket = 14-15 wks (4 RC)

 

Light Levels: High

 

pH Level: 5.6 - 6.0

 

Temperature: 65-72 degrees F

 

Watering: keep pots moist

 

Fertilizer: 150-200 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: Pinch once

Pests: Standard practices; spider mites & whiteflies can be problems

 

Disease: Standard practices

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Angelonia

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USDA HARDINESS: 10 - 11

 

ROOTING: 2-3 weeks at temperatures of 64-75 F

 

PLANTING:

For 4" (10 cm) pot, use 1 plant per pot. Ready for sales (from rooted cutting) within 5-8 weeks.

For 6" (15 cm) pot, use 1-2 plants per pot. Ready in 7-10weeks.

 

PINCHING: Once, in trays - about 10 days before liner planting, or about 10 days after planting and establishing.

 

LIGHT INTENSITY: Full sunlight to partial shade (min. 6000fc / 60000 lux).

 

TEMPERATURE: Day: 68-82 F. Night: 62-65 F

 

FERTILIZATION: Constant feed with a balanced fertilizer (200-250 ppm N) that contains average levels of micronutrients.

 

IRRIGATION: Keep moist, but not over watered, to prevent root damage.

 

MEDIUM: Use a well-drained, disease-free potting mix. pH 5.5 - 6.3, EC 0.6 - 0.9.

 

GROWTH REGULATORS: Optional. Not necessary under high light intensities.

1-3 sprays of ALAR (B-Nine) 3 gr/L according to required plant size.

 

DISEASES & PEST CONTROL:

Insects: Aphids, Thrips.

Diseases: Botrytis, Pythium

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Argyranthemum

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USDA HARDINESS: 9 - 11

 

ROOTING: 14-21 days at temperatures of 64-75o F.

 

PLANTING:

For 4” (10 cm) pots, use 1 plant per pot. Ready for sales (from rooted cutting) within 8-10 weeks.

For 6" (15 cm) pot, use 1-2 plants per pot. Ready in 9-11 weeks.

For 10” (25 cm) hanging basket or pots, use 3-4 plants. Ready in 12–14 weeks.

 

PINCHING: Optional. Once, in trays - about 10 days before liner planting, or about 10 days after planting and establishing.

 

LIGHT INTENSITY: Full sun to partial shade (min. 6,000 fc / 60,000 LUX).

 

TEMPERATURE: Normal day 64–75o F, cool night 45-55o F

 

FERTILIZATION: Constant feed, with a balanced fertilizer (200-250 ppm N), that contains

average levels of micronutrients with a slightly increased level of iron.

 

IRRIGATION: Maintain moderate moisture levels. Avoid over-watering.

 

MEDIUM: Use a well-drained disease-free potting mix.

pH: 5.5-6.0 E

 

GROWTH REGULATORS: Optional in a 4” crop. Otherwise not necessary.

1-3 sprays of ALAR (B-Nine) 2 gr/L according to required plant size.

 

DISEASES & PEST CONTROL:

Insects: Aphids thrips and White Flies. Spray preventatively.

Diseases: Botrytis, Rhizoctonia, Pythium.

Drench with a broad-spectrum fungicide at liner planting

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Bacopa sutera

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USDA HARDINESS: 9 - 11

 

ROOTING: 14-18 days at temperatures of 64-75 oF

 

PLANTING:

For 4" (10 cm) Pot, use 1 plant per pot. Ready for sales (from rooted cutting) within 6-8 weeks.

For 6” (15 cm) pot, use 1-2 plants per pot. Ready in 8-10 weeks.

For 10" (25 cm) hanging baskets, use 3 - 4 plants. Ready in 10-12 weeks.

 

PINCHING: Optional. Once, in trays - about 10 days before liner planting, or about 10 days after planting and establishing.

 

LIGHT INTENSITY: Full sunlight to partial shade (min. 4,000 fc / 40,000 LUX).

 

TEMPERATURE: Day: 60-75oF (15-24oC), Night: 55-60oF (13-15oC). Tolerant to both cooler and higher temperatures.

 

FERTILIZATION: Constant feed, with a balanced fertilizer (150-250 ppm N ),

that contains average levels of micronutrients with a slightly increased level of iron.

 

IRRIGATION: Keep moist, but not over-watered.

 

MEDIUM: Well-drained, disease-free potting mix. pH : 5.5 - 6.5, EC: 0.6 - 0.9.

 

GROWTH REGULATORS: Optional. Not necessary under high light intensities.

1-3 sprays of ALAR (B-Nine) 2 gr/L according to required plant size.

 

DISEASES & PEST CONTROL:

Insects: White Flies, Aphids, Thrips.

Diseases: Botrytis, Pythium, Rhizoctonia.

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Bidens

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USDA HARDINESS: 9 - 11

 

ROOTING: Easy to root, within 10-14 days at temperatures of 64-75oF (18-24oC).

 

PLANTING:

For 4" (10 cm) pot, use 1 plant per pot. Ready for sales (from rooted cutting) within 6-8 weeks.

For 6" (15 cm) pot, use 1-2 plants per pot. Ready in 8-10 weeks.

When grown as 10" (25 cm) hanging baskets, use 3 - 4 plants. Ready in 10-12 weeks.

 

PINCHING: One soft pinch during planting.

 

LIGHT INTENSITY: Full sunlight is preferable (min. 6,000 fc / 60,000 LUX).

 

TEMPERATURE: Day: 64-75oF (18-24oC) Night: 55-65oF (13-18oC).

 

FERTILIZATION: Constant feed with a balanced fertilizer, at levels of 200-250 ppm N, containing average micronutrients levels.

 

IRRIGATION: Constant moderate moisture. Excessive Dryness can cause petal drop.

 

MEDIUM: Well-drained, disease-free potting mix. pH : 5.5 - 6.3, EC: 0.6 - 0.9.

 

GROWTH REGULATORS: Optional. Not necessary under high light intensities.

1-3 sprays of ALAR (B-Nine) 2 gr/L according to required plant size.

 

PESTS AND DISEASES:

Insects: White Flies, Aphids, Trips. Spray preventatively.

Diseases: Botrytis, Pythium.

Drench with broad-spectrum fungicides as a preventative measure

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Cassia

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Light Levels: High; 50% shade in propagation

 

 

Temperature: 73-79 degrees F

 

 

 

 

Watering: light mist in propagation (once per hour) during the day or as needed.  Do not over mist or over-water. Cassia favor dry conditions once roots are well established.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fertilizer: 200-250 ppm nitrogen

 

 

 

 

Ph: 5.5 - 5.8

 

 

 

 

Pinching: Pinching may increase plant branching but is not necessary

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pests: Standard practices

 

 

 

 

 

Disease: Standard practices

 

 

 

 

 

 























Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
5-inch 8-9 wks 1
Gallon 11-13 wks 1
10-12-inch 12-14 wks 3


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Crassula

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Light Levels: Full sun to part shade

 

Foot candles: 5000-7500

 

Day temperature: 70-80 degrees F

 

Night temperature: 58-70 degrees F

 

Watering: Do not over-water. Crassula favor dry conditions once roots are well established.

 

Fertilizer: 100-150 ppm nitrogen

 

Ph: 5.6 - 6.0

 

Pinching: Pinching will promote branching. It may also delay the finish time.

 

Pests: Standard practices. Pests to watch for are aphids, mealybugs and spider mites

 

Disease: Keeping the plants dry will emiminate most of the potential for disease


















Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4 or 5-inch 6-8 wks 1
Gallon 7-8 wks 3

 

Propagation

Rooting time: 4-5 weeks

Mist: 7-10 days at a light interval

Rooting Hormone: not necessary

Media Temperature: 70 - 75 F

Notes: Be careful of overmisting

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Crossandra

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Crop Timing:

4" to 4.5" pot = 6-8 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 8-10 wks (1 RC)

 

Light Levels: High

 

pH Level: 5.8 - 6.3

 

Temperature: 68-74 degrees F

 

Watering: keep pots moist

 

Fertilizer: 200-250 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: Pinch once

Pests: Standard practices; whiteflies can be problems

 

Disease: Standard practices

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Cuphea

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Crop Timing:

4" to 4.5" pot = 6-8 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 7-10 wks (2-3 RC)

 

Light Levels: High

 

pH Level: 5.9 - 6.4

 

Temperature: 65-74 degrees F

 

Watering: keep pots moist, but not too wet

 

Fertilizer: 150-200 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: 1-2 pinches as needed; B-nine application recommended

Pests: Standard practices; whiteflies, thrips, aphids can be problems

 

Disease: Standard practices; watch for Oedema is plants are too wet





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Diascia

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ROOTING: 12-14 days, at temperatures of 64-75o

 

PLANTING: For 4" (10 cm) pot, use 1 plant per pot. Ready for sales (from rooted cutting) within 5-7 weeks.

For 6" (15 cm)pot, use 1-2 plants per pot. Ready in 7-9 weeks.

For 10" (25 cm) hanging baskets or pots, use 3-4 plants. Ready in 9-11 weeks.

 

PINCHING: Pinch once, 10-14 days after planting.

 

LIGHT INTENSITY: Full sunlight to partial shade (min. 5,000 fc / 50,000 LUX).

 

TEMPERATURE: Day 64-75o, Cool Nights 52-59o

 

FERTIZILATION: Constant feed, with a balanced fertilizer (200 ppm N), that contains average levels of micronutrients with a slightly increased level of iron.

 

IRRIGATION: Keep moist, however make sure the medium is well drained and avoid surplus watering.

 

MEDIUM: Well-drained, disease-free potting mix. pH 5.5- 6.0, EC 0.6 - 0.9.

 

GROWTH REGULATORS: Optional. Not necessary under high light intensities. 1-3 sprays of ALAR (B-Nine) 2 r/L according to required plant size.

 

DISEASES & PEST CONTROL: Diseases: Botrytis, Pythium, Crown and Root Rots. Avoid burying crown too deeply when transplanting. Drench with a broad-spectrum fungicides. Diascia is sensitive to several viruses; therefore it is essential to start with virus-free material.

 

Insects: Aphids, White Flies. Spray preventatively prior to bloom.

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Duranta

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Light Levels: High

 

 

Temperature: 68-72 degrees F

 

 

 

 

Watering: keep pots moist; do not let the plants wilt

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fertilizer: 250-300 ppm nitrogen

 

 

 

 

Ph: 6.0- 6.5

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pinching: Pinching will create better plant structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pests: Standard practices

 

 

 

Disease: Standard practices

 

 

 

 

 

 























Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4-inch 8-10 wks 1
Gallon 9-12 wks 1, 2 or 3
10-12-inch 12-14 wks 3 to 5

 



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Echeveria

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Light Levels: Full sun to part shade

 

Foot candles: 5000-7500

 

Day temperature: 70-80 degrees F

 

Night temperature: 58-70 degrees F

 

Watering: Do not over-water. Crassula favor dry conditions once roots are well established.

 

Fertilizer: 100-150 ppm nitrogen

 

Ph: 5.6 - 6.0

 

Pinching: Pinching will promote branching. It may also delay the finish time.

 

Pests: Standard practices. Pests to watch for are aphids, mealybugs and spider mites

 

Disease: Keeping the plants dry will emiminate most of the potential for disease


















Pot Size Wks from RC PPP 
4 or 5-inch 7-9 wks 1
Gallon 8-10 wks 3

 

Propagation

Rooting time: 4-5 weeks

Mist: 7-10 days at a light interval

Rooting Hormone: not necessary

Media Temperature: 70 - 75 F

Notes: Be careful of overmisting

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Euphorbia

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Crop Timing:

4" to 4.5" pot = 6-7 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 7-9 wks (1-3 RC)

10-12" = 11-13 wks (4-5 RC)

 

Light Levels: High

 

pH Level: 5.8 - 6.2

 

 

Temperature: 62-74 degrees F

 

Watering: keep pots moist, but not too wet

 

Fertilizer: 150-200 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: Pinch as needed; no PGR necessary

Pests: Standard practices; whiteflies, can be a problem

 

Disease: Standard practices

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Euryops

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Light Levels: High

 

 

Temperature: 68-72 degrees F

 

 

 

 

Watering: keep pots moist

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fertilizer: 250-300 ppm nitrogen

 

 

 

 

Ph: 5.8 - 6.5

 

Pinching: Pinching will create better plant structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pests: Standard practices; thrips may be a problem

 

 

 

Disease: Standard practices

 

 

 

 

 

 























Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4-inch 6-8 wks 1
Gallon 7-9 wks 2 or 3

 



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Graptopetalum superbum

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Light Levels: Full sun to part shade

 

Foot candles: 5000-7500

 

Day temperature: 70-80 degrees F

 

Night temperature: 58-70 degrees F

 

Watering: Do not over-water. Graptopetalum favor dry conditions once roots are well established.

 

Fertilizer: 100-150 ppm nitrogen

 

Ph: 5.6 - 6.0

 

Pinching: Pinching will promote branching. It may also delay the finish time.

 

Pests: Standard practices. Pests to watch for are aphids, mealybugs and spider mites

 

Disease: Keeping the plants dry will emiminate most of the potential for disease


















Pot Size Wks from RC PPP 
4 or 5-inch 7-9 wks 1
Gallon 8-10 wks 3

 

Propagation

Rooting time: 4-5 weeks

Mist: 7-10 days at a light interval

Rooting Hormone: not necessary

Media Temperature: 70 - 75 F

Notes: Be careful of overmisting

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Graptosedum

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Light Levels: Full sun to part shade

 

Foot candles: 5000-7500

 

Day temperature: 70-80 degrees F

 

Night temperature: 58-70 degrees F

 

Watering: Do not over-water. Graptopetalum favor dry conditions once roots are well established.

 

Fertilizer: 100-150 ppm nitrogen

 

Ph: 5.6 - 6.0

 

Pinching: Pinching will promote branching. It may also delay the finish time.

 

Pests: Standard practices. Pests to watch for are aphids, mealybugs and spider mites

 

Disease: Keeping the plants dry will emiminate most of the potential for disease

 


















Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4 or 5-inch 6-8 wks 1
Gallon 7-9 wks 3

 

 

Propagation

Rooting time: 4-5 weeks

Mist: 7-10 days at a light interval

Rooting Hormone: not necessary

Media Temperature: 70 - 75 F

Notes: Be careful of overmisting

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Helichrysum thianschanicum

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Crop Timing:


4" to 4.5" pot = 6-7 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 7-9 wks (1-2 RC)

 

Light Levels: medium

 

pH Level: 5.8 - 6.3

 

Temperature: 65-72º F day & 60-65º F night

 

Watering: keep pots moist to wet

 

Fertilizer: 150-200 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: 1 pinch or more as needed

Pests: Standard practices

 

Disease: Standard practices



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Hemigraphis

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Light Levels: Medium to high

 

 

Temperature: 66-72 degrees F

 

 

 

 

Watering: keep pots moist

 

 

 

 

 

Fertilizer: 150-200 ppm nitrogen

 

 

 

 

Ph: 5.5- 6.0

 

Pinching: Pinching will create better plant structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pests: Standard practices

 

 

 

Disease: Standard practices

 

 

 

 

 

 























Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4-inch 6 -8 wks 1
Gallon 7 -9 wks 2 or 3

 



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Kalanchoe

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Light Levels: Full sun to part shade

 

Foot candles: 5000-7500

 

Day temperature: 70-80 degrees F

 

Night temperature: 58-70 degrees F

 

Watering: Do not over-water. Crassula favor dry conditions once roots are well established.

 

Fertilizer: 100-150 ppm nitrogen

 

Ph: 5.6 - 6.0

 

Pinching: Pinching will promote branching. It may also delay the finish time.

 

Pests: Standard practices. Pests to watch for are aphids, mealybugs and spider mites

 

Disease: Keeping the plants dry will emiminate most of the potential for disease


















Pot Size Wks from RC PPP 
4 or 5-inch 5-6 wks 1
Gallon 6-8 wks 1

 

Propagation

Rooting time: 4-5 weeks

Mist: 7-10 days at a light interval

Rooting Hormone: not necessary

Media Temperature: 70 - 75 F

Notes: Be careful of overmisting

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Lysimachia

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Crop Timing:


4" to 4.5" pot = 5-6 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 6-8 wks (1-2 RC)

 

Light Levels: medium

 

pH Level: 5.7 - 6.2

 

Temperature: 65-72º F day & 58-65º F night

 

Watering: keep pots evenly moist

 

Fertilizer: 150-200 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: 1-2 pinches as needed

Pests: Standard practices

 

Disease: Standard practices



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Pachyphytum

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Light Levels: Full sun

 

 

Temperature: 72-82 degrees F

 

 

 

 

Watering: Do not over mist or over-water. Pachyphytum favor dry conditions once roots are well established.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fertilizer: 50-100 ppm nitrogen

 

 

 

 

Ph: 5.5 - 6.0

 

 

 

 

Pinching: Pinching is not necessary. It may also delay the finish time.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pests: Standard practices.

 

 

 

 

Disease: Keeping the plants dry will emiminate most of the potential for disease

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


















Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4 or 5-inch 10-12 wks 1
Gallon 12-14 wks 3

 

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Pachystachys

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Light Levels: Medium - high

 

 

Temperature: 68-72 degrees F

 

 

 

 

Watering: keep pots moist

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fertilizer: 200 ppm nitrogen

 

 

 

 

Ph: 5.8 - 6.5

 

Pinching: Pinching will create better plant structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pests: Standard practices

 

 

 

Disease: Standard practices

 

 

 

 

 

 























Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4-inch 6-8 wks 1
Gallon 7-9 wks 2 or 3

 



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Peristrothe hyssopifolia

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Petunia

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USDA HARDINESS: 9-11

 

ROOTING: 2-3 weeks at temperatures of 64-75¨F

 

PLANTING:

For 4" (10 cm) pot, use 1 plant per pot. Ready for sales (from rooted cutting) within 6-8 weeks.

For 6" (15 cm) pot, use 1-2 plants per pot. Ready in 8-10 weeks.

For 10" (25 cm) hanging baskets, use 3 - 4 plants. Ready in 10-12 weeks.

 

PINCHING: Should be pinched once, 2 weeks after planting.

Second pinch is recommended for baskets. May be cut instead of pinched.

 

FOLLOWING TRANSPLANT: During the first 2-3 weeks use water and fertilize moderately E.C. 1.5 -1.8.

Allow roots to reach the side of the container before increasing water and fertilization.

 

LIGHT INTENSITY: High light intensities, preferably full sunlight is essential for optimum finish (min. 6,000 fc / 60,000 LUX).

If shaded, the plant will appear stretched and less blooming. During winter supplement lighting is required.

 

TEMPERATURE: Day: 64-75¨H night: 55 - 64¨H can grow in temperatures out of this range - nearly freezing point and up to 95¨H (35¡æ).

 

FERTILIZATION: Vegetative Petunia requires heavy fertilization.

Apply a constant feed program with a balanced fertilizer N:P:K=2:1:2, using 250-300 ppm Nitrogen

(micronutrients in average levels with iron slightly higher).

 

IRRIGATION: Keep well watered. Sensitive to water surplus. Drip irrigation is recommended. Leach periodically to prevent salt accumulation.

 

MEDIUM: Use a well-drained peat/perlite disease-free potting mix. pH 5.5 -6.0, EC 0.8-1.2.

 

GROWTH REGULATORS: Optional. Not necessary under high light intensities.

1-3 sprays of ALAR (B-Nine) 2 gr/L according to required plant size. Bonzi is an effective regulators for 4" pot production.

 

DISEASES & PEST CONTROL:

Insects: White Flies, Leaf miners and aphids.

Diseases: Botrytis, Pythium, Crown Rot. Plant liners at soil level - not too deep.

Avoid excessive moisture on foliage.

A standard preventive spray program should be applied to control pests and diseases

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Plectranthus

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Crop Timing:


4" to 4.5" pot = 6-8 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 8-10 wks (2-3 RC)

10" = 9-11 wks (3-4 RC)

 

Light Levels: high

 

pH Level: 5.5 - 6.1

 

Temperature: 68-72º F day & 65º F night

 

Watering: keep pots evenly moist

 

Fertilizer: 200-250 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: 1-2 pinches or more as needed

Pests: Standard practices

 

Disease: Standard practices



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Portulaca

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USDA HARDINESS: 10 - 11

 

ROOTING: about 10 days at temperatures of 64-75 F

 

PLANTING:

For 4" (10 cm) Pot, use 1 plant per pot. Ready for sales (from rooted cutting) within 4-6 weeks.

For 6” (15 cm) Pot, use 1-3 plants per pot. Ready in 6-8 weeks.

For 10" (25 cm) Hanging Baskets, use 3-5 plants. Ready in 10-13 weeks.

 

PINCHING: Once, in trays - about 10 days before liner planting, or about 10 days after planting and establishing.

 

LIGHT INTENSITY: Full sunlight to partial shade (min. 5,000 FC / 50,000 LUX).

 

TEMPERATURES: Day: 70-80 F, Night: 62-68 F

 

FERTILIZATION: Constant feed, with a balanced fertilizer (200-250ppm N) that contains average levels of micronutrients.

 

IRRIGATION: Keep moist, but not over-watered, to control growth.

 

MEDIUM: Well-drained, disease-free potting mix. pH : 5.5 - 6.5, EC: 0.6 - 0.9.

 

GROWTH REGULATORS: Optional. Not necessary under high light intensities.

1-3 sprays of ALAR (B-Nine) 2 gr/l according to required plant size.

Moderate irrigation and low temperatures will also reduce the need for chemical plant growth regulators (PGR).

 

DISEASES & PEST CONTROL: Insects: White Flies, Aphids, Thrips. Diseases: Botrytis, Pythium, Rhizoctonia.



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Pseuderanthemum

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 Light Levels: Medium - high

 

 

Temperature: 68-72 degrees F

 

 

 

 

Watering: keep pots moist or a little dry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fertilizer: 200 ppm nitrogen

 

 

 

 

Ph: 5.5 - 6.2

 

Pinching: Pinching will create better plant structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pests: Standard practices

 

 

 

Disease: Standard practices

 

 

 

 

 

 























Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4-inch 7 - 8 wks 1
Gallon 8 - 10 wks 2 or 3

 



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Rhoeo

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Light Levels: Medium - high

 

 

Temperature: 68-72 degrees F

 

 

 

 

Watering: keep pots moist or slightly dry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fertilizer: 150-200 ppm nitrogen

 

 

 

 

Ph: 5.8 - 6.4

 

Pinching: Not necessary

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pests: Standard practices

 

 

 

Disease: Standard practices

 

 

 

 

 

 























Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4-inch 6 - 7 wks 1
Gallon 7 - 10 wks 1 or 2

 



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Ruellia

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Light Levels: Medium - high

 

 

Temperature: 66-72 degrees F

 

 

 

 

Watering: keep pots moist or slightly dry

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fertilizer: 150-200 ppm nitrogen

 

 

 

 

Ph: 5.5 - 5.9

 

Pinching: Pinching will create better plant structure

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pests: Whitefly or spider mites could be a problem

 

 

 

Disease: Standard practices

 

 

 

 

 

 























Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4-inch 6-7 wks 1
Gallon 8-10 wks 1 or 2
 10 to 12-inch 11-13 wks 3 or 4

 



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Scaevola aemula

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ROOTING: 3 to 4 weeks, at temperatures of 64-75 F. Rooting hormone is optional.

 

USDA HARDINESS: 9 -11

 

PLANTING:

For 4" (10 cm) pot, use 1 plant per pot. Ready for sales (from rooted cutting) within 7-8 weeks.

For 6" (15 cm) pot, use 1-2 plants per pot. Ready in 8-10 weeks.

For 10" (25 cm) hanging baskets or pots, use 3 - 4 plants. Ready in 10-13 weeks.

 

PINCHING: Once at liner planting.

 

LIGHT INTENSITY: Full sunlight is preferable. (min.5,000fc / 50,000 LUX). Grows well in hot weather, very heat tolerant (35-38¡æ).

 

TEMPERATURE: Day: 64-80 F, Cool Night: 55-64 F.

Grows well in hot weather, very heat tolerant

 

FERTIZILATION: Constant feed, with a balanced fertilizer (150-200 ppm N), that contains average levels of micronutrients with a slightly increased level of iron.

Very sensitive to phosphate toxicity levels – above 125 ppm.

 

IRRIGATION: Moderate moisture levels.

 

MEDIUM: Well drained peat/perlite mix. pH 5.5 - 6.0. EC 0.6 - 0.9.

 

GROWTH REGULATORS: Optional. Not necessary under high light intensities.

1-3 sprays of ALAR (B-Nine) 2 gr/L according to required plant size.

 

DISEASES & PEST CONTROL:

Insects: Watch for White Flies, Thrips and Leaf Miners. Spray as a preventative.

Diseases: No apparent problems if average sanitation practices are followed.

Drench with broad spectrum fungicides at liner planting.

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Sedum (Perennial)

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Light Levels: Full sun

 

Temperature: 62-77 F day; 55-62 F night

 

Watering: Do not over-water. Sedum favor dry conditions once roots are well established.

 

Fertilizer: 150-200 ppm nitrogen

 

Ph: 6.0 - 6.5

 

Pinching: One pinch may be necessary.

 

Pests: Standard practices.

 

Disease: Keeping the plants dry will emiminate most of the potential for disease

 


















Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4 or 5-inch 6-8 wks 1
Gallon 8-10 wks 3

 

Propagation

Rooting time: 4-5 weeks

Mist: 7-10 days at a light interval

Rooting Hormone: not necessary

Media Temperature: 70 - 75 F

Notes: Be careful of overmisting

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Sedum (Succulent)

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Light Levels: Full sun to part shade

 

Temperature: 68-74 degrees F

 

Watering: Do not over-water. Sedum favor dry conditions once roots are well established.

 

Fertilizer: 150 ppm nitrogen

 

Ph: 5.7 - 6.2

 

Pinching: One pinch may be necessary. It may also delay the finish time.

 

Pests: Standard practices.

 

Disease: Keeping the plants dry will emiminate most of the potential for disease

 


















Pot Size Wks from rooted cutting PPP 
4 or 5-inch 6-8 wks 1
Gallon 8-10 wks 3

 

Propagation

Rooting time: 4-5 weeks

Mist: 7-10 days at a light interval

Rooting Hormone: not necessary

Media Temperature: 70 - 75 F

Notes: Be careful of overmisting

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Setcreasea Pallida

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Crop Timing:


4" to 4.5" pot = 6-7 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 7-9 wks (1-2 RC)

 

Light Levels: medium to high

 

pH Level: 6.0 - 6.5

 

Temperature: 65-72º F day & 60-65º F night

 

Watering: keep pots evenly moist

 

Fertilizer: 200 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: 1 pinch or more as needed

Pests: Standard practices; watch for aphids

 

Disease: Standard practices



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Torenia

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USDA HARDINESS: 10 – 11

 

ROOTING: Torenia cuttings root easily within 12-14 days at temperatures of 64-75 F. Addition of rooting hormone is not necessary.

 

PLANTING:

For 4" (10 cm) pot, use 1 plant per pot. Ready for sales (from rooted cutting) within 7-8 weeks.

For 6" (15 cm) pot, use 1-2 plants per pot. Ready in 8-10 weeks.

When grown as 10" (25 cm) hanging baskets or pots, use 3-4 plants. Ready in 10-13 weeks.

 

PINCHING: One soft pinch 1-2 weeks after planting according to plant size.

 

LIGHT INTENSITY: Moderate to high light is optimal for growth and flowering, min. 5000fc / 50000 LUX .

Partial shade is required in summer. Protect from direct sunlight.

During the winter, Torenia plants should be exposed to maximum light intensity.

 

TEMPERATURE: Day: 75-80 F; Night: 60-70 F. First 3 weeks 61-65 F.  From 4th week, 64-70 F

Cool temperatures of 50-54 F will turn foliage to bronze color and stunt growth,

except for Torenia Purple Moon, which tolerates even cooler temperatures.

Temperatures of 95 -104 F in summer is tolerable if shade and irrigation are provided properly.

 

FERTILIZATION: Constant feed with a well-balanced fertilizer containing adequate amounts of micronutrients, slightly higher FE.

NH4 up to 20% of total N. Use 200 ppm N as a starting point and then adjust in accordance to growth.

E.C 2 -2.5. Occasional leaching is required to prevent salinity.

 

IRRIGATION: Torenia dries out easily. Keep soil moist, but avoid over watering. Do not allow wilting.

Drip irrigation is recommended. Avoid wet foliage.

 

MEDIUM: Use a well-drained peat perlite mix, pH 5.8-6.2, EC 0.6 - 0.9.

For rooting, use a disease-free peat mix, or Jiffy pellets.

 

FLOWERING: 8-12 weeks, depending on growing conditions and variety.

Early: Torenia Purple Moon, Indigo Moon.

 

GROWTH REGULATORS: Maintain high light intensities and temperatures as recommended. Use cool morning drop and DIF. Soft pinch. Reduce feed.

Avoid products that have high levels of ammonium nitrogen or phosphorus. Space in time.

Use growth regulators as last option - use Alar at a concentration of 1700-2500 ppm as a foliar spray, 1-3 times.

Begin growth regulator treatment 2-4 weeks after transplant and discontinue when flowering buds are visible.

Expect delay in flowering. Varieties differ in response, so we recommend testing it first on a smaller scale.

 

DISEASES & PEST CONTROL:

Insects: Watch for Aphids and White Flies.

Diseases: Powdery mildew can be a problem.

Avoid moisture condensing on the foliage.

Spray with broad-spectrum fungicides as a preventative measure.

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Verbena

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Crop Timing:


4" to 4.5" pot = 7-9 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 9-10 wks (2-3 RC)

 

Light Levels: high

 

pH Level: 5.6 - 6.3

 

Temperature: 65-76º F day & 58-65º F night

 

Watering: keep pots evenly moist

 

Fertilizer: 200-250 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: 1-2 pinches or more as needed

Pests: Standard practices; watch for white flies

 

Disease: Standard practices



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Vinca Major

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Crop Timing:


4" to 4.5" pot = 6-7 wks (1 RC)

6" or gallon = 7-8 wks (2-3 RC)

 

Light Levels: high

 

pH Level: 5.5 - 5.8

 

Temperature: 65-72º F day & 60-65º F night

 

Watering: keep pots evenly moist

 

Fertilizer: 200 ppm nitrogen

 

Pinching: 1 pinch or more as needed

Pests: Standard practices; watch for aphids

 

Disease: Standard practices



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